An year-old white female was referred to our clinic by her optometrist for evaluation of recent-onset facial muscle spasms. The patient reported periodic closing of her right eye with concurrent elevation of the right side of her mouth. These spasms began 3 months prior and occurred one to five times per day. She also reported feeling that her right ear was full of water once every 2 to 3 weeks. Ocular surgical history was significant for cataract removal from both eyes and pterygium removal from the left eye.
Hemifacial Spasm | Causes, Symptoms and Treatment | Patient
Hemifacial spasm is a condition in which the muscles contract in tics or twitches on one side of the face, usually the left. People do not have control over these spasms, and very often they continue even during sleep. Hemifacial spasm is usually not painful and not considered a health hazard. In advanced cases, however, the eyes may remain squeezed shut for long enough to become dangerous when driving, for example. Both men and women can develop these facial twitches, but women, especially middle-aged and older women, develop hemifacial spasm at about twice the rate of men. The condition is also somewhat more common in Asian people. It is a rare condition, seen in approximately 11 out of , people.
Hemifacial spasm HFS is an involuntary twitching or contraction of the facial muscles on one side of the face. Medication, surgery, and Botox injections are treatment options to stop the spasms and relieve the discomfort. Each treatment offers benefits, but each has limitations. You and your doctor should determine which treatment is best. Hemifacial spasm also called tic convulsif is an involuntary twitching of the facial muscles on one side of the face.
Hemifacial spasm is a condition that affects half of your face. It usually starts with a twitching around one eye. It may gradually involve your mouth also. There are different types of treatment.