Facial expressions of emotion transcend geography and culture, new study shows. Image by Alan Cowen. Whether at a birthday party in Brazil, a funeral in Kenya or protests in Hong Kong, humans all use variations of the same facial expressions in similar social contexts, such as smiles, frowns, grimaces and scowls, a new UC Berkeley study shows. The findings, published today, Dec.
Facial expressions, emotions, and sign languages
The 16 facial expressions most common to emotional situations worldwide | Berkeley News
However, it is unclear whether social context plays a moderating role in forming trustworthiness judgments. Based on the emotions as social information EASI model, differing contexts may impact the effect of facial expression; however, there is no evidence demonstrating that differing contexts will or will not influence the effect of facial gender. In this study, we used two experiments to examine how facial expression and facial gender affect facial trustworthiness judgments and whether the effects on facial trustworthiness judgments are consistent in cooperative and competitive settings. The results showed significant main effects of facial expression and facial gender as well as the interaction between them. The results showed the main effects of facial expression, facial gender, and social context. Moreover, there was a significant interaction between facial gender and facial expression and a marginally significant interaction between social context and facial expression. Furthermore, the effect of facial gender on facial trustworthiness judgments presents cross-situational stability, and the role of facial expression is influenced by the settings.
Facial expressions are used by humans to convey various types of meaning in various contexts. In this mini review we summarize findings on the use and acquisition of facial expressions by signers and present a unified account of the range of facial expressions used by referring to three dimensions on which facial expressions vary: semantic, compositional, and iconic. Humans perceive facial expressions as conveying meaning, but where do they come from and what exactly do they mean? Based on observations of facial expressions typically associated with emotions Darwin hypothesized that they must have had some instrumental purpose in evolutionary history.
While conducting research on emotions and facial expressions in Papua New Guinea in , psychologist Carlos Crivelli discovered something startling. He showed Trobriand Islanders photographs of the standard Western face of fear — wide-eyed, mouth agape — and asked them to identify what they saw. Instead, they saw an indication of threat and aggression. But if Trobrianders have a different interpretation of facial expressions, what does that mean? Instead of reliable readouts of our emotional states, they show our intentions and social goals.