The Marshall Islands consist of two chains of 29 coral atolls, and are located north of the equator, between Hawaii and Australia. On each atoll there are a number of islands. The Marshallese have lived there for thousands of years. In , Japan captured the Marshall Islands and built military bases. In February , U. Marine and Army forces defeated Japanese troops on both the Kwajalein and Enewetak atolls.
Bombs and the Bikini Atoll
Nuclear testing at Bikini Atoll - Wikipedia
The U. The plus indigenous people living on Bikini Atoll at the time were moved to other islands in order to enable nuclear testing to begin. Between and , there were 23 nuclear devices detonated at various spots on, within, above, or beneath Bikini Atoll. Operation Crossroads was an attempt to better understand the effect of atomic weapons on naval targets. The first atomic bomb to be detonated in Operation Crossroads was code-named Able , and it was a plutonium bomb that exploded in the air over 80 unmanned target vessels in the Bikini Atoll lagoon on July 1,
The United States conducts the first airborne test of an improved hydrogen bomb, dropping it from a plane over the tiny island of Namu in the Bikini Atoll in the Pacific Ocean on May 21, The successful test indicated that hydrogen bombs were viable airborne weapons and that the arms race had taken another giant leap forward. The United States began testing nuclear weapons at Bikini Atoll in However, early bombs were large and unwieldy affairs that were exploded from the ground. The practical application of dropping the weapon over an enemy had been a mere theoretical possibility until a successful test in May
The haute beachwear known as the bikini was named after a string of islands turned into a nuclear wasteland by atomic bomb testing. The Bikini Atoll—a series of limestone formations in the Pacific Ocean that comprise part of the Marshall Islands—is, or rather was, a tropical paradise. Between and , the United States military detonated several nuclear bombs in the area, wiping out plants and wildlife, and leaving behind a toxic wasteland.