Human papillomavirus or HPV is the name for a group of viruses transmitted by skin-to-skin contact. HPV can affect fertility in both men and women. It is the most common sexually transmitted infection STI , but people can also acquire it in other ways. Doctors consider different strains of HPV either low- or high-risk. In general, however, 90 percent of HPV infections clear up without treatment within 2 years, without causing any adverse effects.
Correlation between HPV sperm infection and male infertility
Human Papillomavirus and Infertility
Male infertility can have different causes, one of which may be the presence of etiologic agents that cause sexually transmitted infections. Among the most important sexually transmitted infections are human papillomavirus and Chlamydia trachomatis, which are associated with infertility in females — whether they cause infertility in men is controversial. The purpose of the chapter is to review the effect of these two pathogens on male fertility, the evidence suggests that the most important infertility effect is linked to the condition of the sperm. However, it is noteworthy that there are few studies with respect to infertility in regard to both pathogens, so it is important to further research this to elucidate the mechanisms by which these pathogens act on male infertility.
Human papillomaviruses HPV are the most frequently sexually transmitted viruses and etiological agents of several human cancers. Controversial results of the role of HPV in infertile population on sperm parameters have been published. The aim of this study was to estimate the type-specific prevalence of HPV DNA infection of the external genitalia and semen in Slovenian men from infertile couples and to establish the relationship between seminal HPV DNA infection and abnormal sperm parameters.
HPV infection is common and long lasting, especially in men, and it may provide one explanation for some of what has so far been classified as 'unexplained' infertility. Human papillomavirus found in sperm head of young adult males affects the progressive motility. Fertil Steril ; Association, prevalence, and clearance of human papillomavirus and antisperm antibodies in infected semen samples from infertile patients. Human papillomavirus infection and fertility alteration: a systematic review.